The Perfect Man as the Microcosm and the World as the Macrocosm

Researchers have repeatedly referred to a perfect man who possesses all the levels of existence and is the loci of theophany and manifestation of divine attributes. His entification stems from the station of the unity of the One, and he encompasses all the levels of oneness, the levels of the worlds of vertical and horizontal intellects, the levels of the world of the Images, and the level of the world of corporeal bodies. He is identical with each level in a sense and other than it in another sense. Thus he is also called the microcosm.The issue of the perfect man and, following it, the idea of macrocosm are among the topics which are discussed both in Mulla Sadra's Transcendent Philosophy and in Ibn Arabi's theory of the oneness of being. However, Ibn Arabi and his commentators have not dealt with this issue as meticulously as Mulla Sadra. He has, in fact, explained some of the very delicate aspects of this issue on the basis of his own accurate philosophical principles. Nevertheless, we must admit that these two schools of thought share so many common points that there is great conformity among many of their parts, particularly, their consequences and effects.This article deals with the ideas of Abdul Rahman Jami concerning the discussion of the perfect man. He was one of the most distinguished Persian speaking commentators and disseminators of Ibn Arabi's thoughts and lived two centuries before Mulla Sadra. The writer has extracted these ideas from among his various works so that other researchers clearly observe the similarities between them and that of Mulla Sadra in this regard and learn about their common roots
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