The Role of the Anterior Cingulate Cortex in Prediction Error and Signaling Surprise

Topics in Cognitive Science 11 (1):119-135 (2019)
  Copy   BIBTEX


In the past two decades, reinforcement learning has become a popular framework for understanding brain function. A key component of RL models, prediction error, has been associated with neural signals throughout the brain, including subcortical nuclei, primary sensory cortices, and prefrontal cortex. Depending on the location in which activity is observed, the functional interpretation of prediction error may change: Prediction errors may reflect a discrepancy in the anticipated and actual value of reward, a signal indicating the salience or novelty of a stimulus, and many other interpretations. Anterior cingulate cortex has long been recognized as a region involved in processing behavioral error, and recent computational models of the region have expanded this interpretation to include a more general role for the region in predicting likely events, broadly construed, and signaling deviations between expected and observed events. Ongoing modeling work investigating the interaction between ACC and additional regions involved in cognitive control suggests an even broader role for cingulate in computing a hierarchically structured surprise signal critical for learning models of the environment. The result is a predictive coding model of the frontal lobes, suggesting that predictive coding may be a unifying computational principle across the neocortex.



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 91,202

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Cognitive and emotional influences in anterior cingulate cortex.Bush G., Luu P. & Posner Mi - 2000 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (6):215-220.
Brain and faith. Neural correlates of religious beliefs.Magdalena Senderecka - 2016 - Philosophical Problems in Science 61:165-188.
Mózg a wiara. Neuronalne korelaty przekonań religijnych.Magdalena Senderecka - 2016 - Zagadnienia Filozoficzne W Nauce 61:165-188.
Theories of anterior cingulate cortex function: Opportunity cost.Clay B. Holroyd - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (6):693-694.
How does the attentional pointer work in prefrontal cortex?Naoyuki Osaka - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):751-751.
Attention in the Predictive Mind.Madeleine Ransom, Sina Fazelpour & Christopher Mole - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 47:99-112.
My amygdala-orbitofrontal-circuit made me do it.Bill Faw - 2000 - Consciousness and Emotion 1 (1):167-179.


Added to PP

43 (#352,595)

6 months
9 (#250,037)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author's Profile

Joshua P. Brown
University of Houston