The Centrality of Belief and Reflection in Knobe-Effect Cases: A Unified Account of the Data

The Monist 95 (2):264-289 (2012)

Authors
Mark Alfano
Delft University of Technology
Brian Robinson
Texas A&M University - Kingsville
James R. Beebe
State University of New York, Buffalo
Abstract
Recent work in experimental philosophy has shown that people are more likely to attribute intentionality, knowledge, and other psychological properties to someone who causes a bad side effect than to someone who causes a good one. We argue that all of these asymmetries can be explained in terms of a single underlying asymmetry involving belief attribution because the belief that one’s action would result in a certain side effect is a necessary component of each of the psychological attitudes in question. We argue further that this belief-attribution asymmetry is rational because it mirrors a belief-formation asymmetry, and that thebelief-formation asymmetry is also rational because it is more useful to form some beliefs than others.
Keywords Knobe effect  folk psychology  intentionality  heuristics  intentionality  belief
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Reprint years 2014
ISBN(s) 0026-9662
DOI monist201295215
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Gettierized Knobe Effects.James R. Beebe & Joseph Shea - 2013 - Episteme 10 (3):219-240.
Epistemic Situationism.Mark Alfano & Abrol Fairweather (eds.) - 2017 - Oxford University Press.

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