Competition theory, evolution, and the concept of an ecological niche

Acta Biotheoretica 31 (3):165-179 (1982)

Abstract
This article examines some of the main tenets of competition theory in light of the theory of evolution and the concept of an ecological niche. The principle of competitive exclusion and the related assumption that communities exist at competitive equilibrium - fundamental parts of many competition theories and models - may be violated if non-equilibrium conditions exist in natural communities or are incorporated into competition models. Furthermore, these two basic tenets of competition theory are not compatible with the theory of evolution. Variation in ecologically significant environmental factors and non-equilibrium in population numbers should occur in most natural communities, and such changes have important effects on community relations, niche overlap, and the evolution of ecosystems. Ecologists should view competition as a process occurring within a complexdynamic system, and should be wary of theoretical positions built upon simple laboratory experiments or simplistic mathematical models.In considering the relationship between niche overlap and competition, niche overlap should not be taken as a sufficient condition for competition; many factors may prevent or diminish competition between populations with similar resource utilization patterns. The typically opposing forces of intraspecific and interspecific competition need to be simultaneously considered, for it is the balance between them that in large part determines niche boundaries
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DOI 10.1007/BF01857239
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References found in this work BETA

The Theory of Island Biogeography.Robert H. Macarthur & Edward O. Wilson - 2002 - Journal of the History of Biology 35 (1):178-179.
The Economy of Nature and the Evolution of Sex.Michael T. Ghiselin - 1976 - Journal of the History of Biology 9 (2):324-324.
Niche, Habitat, and Related Ecological Concepts.M. Rejmánek & J. Jeník - 1975 - Acta Biotheoretica 24 (3-4):100-107.

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Citations of this work BETA

Modeling Behavioral Adaptations.Colin W. Clark - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (1):85-93.
Models Are Just Prostheses for Our Brains.Manfred Milinski - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (1):101-101.
Learning and Incremental Dynamic Programming.Andrew G. Barto - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (1):94-95.

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