Philosophy of Science 66 (3):298 (1999)

Credibility in a scientific community (sensu Shapin) is a vicarious selector (sensu Campbell) for the reliability of reports by individual scientists or institutions. Similarly, images from a microscope (sensu Hacking) are vicarious selectors for studying specimens. Working at different levels, the process of indirect reasoning and checking indicates a unity to experimentalist and sociological perspectives, along with a resonance of strategies for assessing reliability. The perspective sketched here can open dialogue between philosophical and sociological interpretations of science and resolves at least one tension regarding the "primary" factors by which scientists evaluate claims
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DOI 10.1086/392732
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Should the Sociology of Science Be Rated X?Douglas Allchin - 2004 - Science Education 88 (6):934-946.

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