Rational versus associative processes


Authors
Colin Allen
University of Pittsburgh
Abstract
It is widely accepted that many species of non-human animals appear to engage in transitive inference, producing appropriate responses to novel pairings of non-adjacent members of an ordered series without previous experience of these pairings. Some researchers have taken this capability as providing direct evidence that these animals reason. Others resist such declarations, favouring instead explanations in terms of associative conditioning. Associative accounts of transitive inference have been refined in application to a simple five-element learning task that is the main paradigm for laboratory investigations of the phenomenon, but it remains unclear how well those accounts generalize to more informationrich environments such as primate social hierarchies, which may contain scores of individuals. The case of transitive inference is an example of a more general dispute between proponents of associative accounts and advocates of more cognitive accounts of animal behaviour. Examination of the specific details of transitive inference suggests some lessons for the wider debate.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 43,865
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Schemata and Associative Processes in Pragmatics.Marco Mazzone - 2011 - Journal of Pragmatics 43 (8):2148-2159.
Transitive Inference in Animals: Reasoning or Conditioned Associations?Colin Allen - 2006 - In Susan Hurley & Matthew Nudds (eds.), Rational Animals? Oxford University Press.
The Self-Organizing Consciousness.Pierre Perruchet & Annie Vinter - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (3):297-388.
Associative Political Obligations.Bas van der Vossen - 2011 - Philosophy Compass 6 (7):477-487.
The Associative Nature of Human Associative Learning.David R. Shanks - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (2):225-226.
Associative Responsibilities and Political Obligation.Massimo Renzo - 2012 - Philosophical Quarterly 62 (246):106-127.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2010-12-22

Total views
513 ( #8,221 of 2,266,155 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #852,654 of 2,266,155 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes

Sign in to use this feature