Early Science and Medicine 22 (4):333-360 (2017)

Authors
Emmanuel Alloa
Université de Fribourg
Abstract
In contemporary social epistemology, the claim has been made that there is a traditional “neglect of testimonial knowledge,” and that in the history of epistemology, first-hand self-knowledge was invariably prioritised over secondary knowledge. While this paper acknowledges some truth in these statements, it challenges the given explanations: the mentioned neglect of testimonial knowledge is based not so much on a primacy of self-knowledge, but that of self-agency. This article retraces some crucial chapters of this ‘do-it-yourself’ paradigm: it considers the imperative of autopsia in early Greek epistemology, history and medicine, and the early modern refashioning of the privilege of self-generated and self-taught (autodidactic) knowledge. A new picture emerges of how the emphasis on (self-)agency progressively shifted towards a focus on the self as the source of ultimate knowledge.

Keywords testimony  epistemology  history  Archaic Greek epistemology  self-knowledge  autopsy  Renaissance  Descartes  testimonial knowledge  witnessing
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1163/15733823-00224p03
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 60,021
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

The Epistemology of Testimony.Peter Lipton - 1998 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 29 (1):1-31.
Testimony: Acquiring Knowledge From Others.Jennifer Lackey - 2010 - In Alvin I. Goldman & Dennis Whitcomb (eds.), Social Epistemology: Essential Readings. Oxford University Press.
Testimony in Communitarian Epistemology.Martin Kusch - 2002 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 33 (2):335-354.
Xenophanesstudien.Hermann Fränkel - 1925 - Hermes 60 (2):174-192.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Hume on Testimony Revisited.Axel Gelfert - 2010 - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 13:60-75.
The Epistemology of Testimony.Duncan Pritchard - 2004 - Philosophical Issues 14 (1):326–348.
The Nature of Testimony.Jennifer Lackey - 2006 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 87 (2):177–197.
Evolution: The New Paradigm.Ervin Laszlo - 1987 - World Futures 23 (3):151-160.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2017-11-12

Total views
20 ( #525,373 of 2,433,468 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #468,801 of 2,433,468 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes