Unconscious symmetrical inferences: A role of consciousness in event integration

Consciousness and Cognition 15 (2):386-396 (2006)
Abstract
Explicit and implicit learning have been attributed to different learning processes that create different types of knowledge structures. Consistent with that claim, our study provides evidence that people integrate stimulus events differently when consciously aware versus unaware of the relationship between the events. In a first, acquisition phase participants sorted words into two categories , which were fully predicted by task-irrelevant primes—the labels of two other, semantically unrelated categories . In a second, test phase participants performed a lexical decision task, in which all word stimuli stemmed from the previous prime categories and the primes were the labels of the previous target categories . Reliable priming effects in the second phase demonstrated that bidirectional associations between the respective categories had been formed in the acquisition phase , but these effects were found only in participants that were unaware of the relationship between the categories! We suggest that unconscious, implicit learning of event relationships results in the rather unsophisticated integration of the underlying event representations, whereas explicit learning takes the meaning of the order of the events into account, and thus creates unidirectional associations
Keywords *Cognitive Processes  *Consciousness States  *Implicit Learning  *Inference  *Lexical Decision  Knowledge Level  Priming
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1016/j.concog.2005.09.005
Options
 Save to my reading list
Follow the author(s)
My bibliography
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Revision history
Request removal from index
Download options
Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 29,308
Through your library
References found in this work BETA
Characteristics of Dissociable Human Learning Systems.R. Shanks David & John Mark F. St - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (3):367-395.
Implicit Learning and Tacit Knowledge.Arthur S. Reber - 1989 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 118:219-35.
Implicit Learning: News From the Front.Axel Cleeremans, Arnaud Destrebecqz & Maud Boyer - 1998 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (10):406-416.

View all 12 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA
A Role for Consciousness in Action Selection.Joanna J. Bryson - 2012 - International Journal of Machine Consciousness 4 (2):471-482.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles
Is Priming During Anesthesia Unconscious?Catherine Deeprose & Jackie Andrade - 2006 - Consciousness and Cognition 15 (1):1-23.
Added to PP index
2009-01-28

Total downloads
57 ( #93,748 of 2,180,222 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #303,868 of 2,180,222 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Monthly downloads
My notes
Sign in to use this feature


Discussion
Order:
There  are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.

Other forums