Society and Animals 20 (3):225-235 (2012)

Abstract
This study tested whether human body orientation can influence the behavior of bull sharks by examining sharks’ approach distances from a person positioned vertically or horizontally in the water. Results showed that bull sharks, Carcharhinus leucas, kept a significantly greater distance when the test subject was standing in chest-deep water with his head above water versus lying on the ocean floor. Furthermore, larger bull sharks in the immediate area withdrew when the subject entered the water.
Keywords shark-human interaction   bull shark   fear   shark attack   human activity
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DOI 10.1163/15685306-12341235
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