Fatema Amijee
University of British Columbia
According to the Principle of Sufficient Reason (‘PSR’), every fact has an explanation for why it obtains. If the PSR is true, there must be a sufficient reason for why God chose to create our world. But a sufficient reason for God’s choice plausibly necessitates that choice. It thus seems that God could not have done otherwise, and that our world exists necessarily. We therefore appear forced to pick between the PSR, and the contingency of creation and divine choice. I show that a third option remains open, and thus that it is possible to preserve the contingency of creation and divine choice even while endorsing the PSR. My solution depends on the coherence of a restricted modal realism. On this modal realism, there is more than one possible morally optimal created world, and for each such world there is an existing possibility in which God creates that world.
Keywords contingency  divine choice  Principle of Sufficient Reason  modal realism  explanation  necessitarianism  divine preference  problem of evil
Categories (categorize this paper)
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

 PhilArchive page | Other versions
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

On the Plurality of Worlds.David Lewis - 1986 - Wiley-Blackwell.
On the Plurality of Worlds.David Lewis - 1986 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 178 (3):388-390.
Theism, Possible Worlds, and the Multiverse.Klaas J. Kraay - 2010 - Philosophical Studies 147 (3):355 - 368.
Theistic Modal Realism?Michael Almeida - 2011 - Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion 3:1-15.
Theistic Modal Realism II: Theoretical Benefits.Michael Almeida - 2017 - Philosophy Compass 12 (7):e12418.

View all 6 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Incommensurability, Incomparability, and Rational World-Choice.Myron Arthur Penner - 2014 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 75 (1):13-25.
The Modal Status of Leibniz's Principle of Sufficient Reason.Owen Pikkert - 2021 - Journal of the American Philosophical Association 7 (1):40-58.
The Cosmological Argument, Sufficient Reason, and Why-Questions.Dan D. Crawford - 1980 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 11 (2):111 - 122.
Theism and Modal Realism.Paul Sheehy - 2006 - Religious Studies 42 (3):315-328.
The Trinity's Choice.John-Mark L. Miravalle - 2015 - Philosophy and Theology 27 (1):153-169.


Added to PP index

Total views
72 ( #144,686 of 2,438,869 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
72 ( #9,162 of 2,438,869 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes