Authors
M. Cristina Amoretti
University of Genoa
Antonio Lieto
University of Turin
Abstract
As it emerged from philosophical analyses and cognitive research, most concepts exhibit typicality effects, and resist to the efforts of defining them in terms of necessary and sufficient conditions. This holds also in the case of many medical concepts. This is a problem for the design of computer science ontologies, since knowledge representation formalisms commonly adopted in this field (such as, in the first place, the Web Ontology Language - OWL) do not allow for the representation of concepts in terms of typical traits. The need of representing concepts in terms of typical traits concerns almost every domain of real world knowledge, including medical domains. In particular, in this article we take into account the domain of mental disorders, starting from the DSM-5 descriptions of some specific disorders. We favour a hybrid approach to concept representation, in which ontology oriented formalisms are combined to a geometric representation of knowledge based on conceptual space. As a preliminary step to apply our proposal to mental disorder concepts, we started to develop an OWL ontology of the schizophrenia spectrum, which is as close as possible to the DSM-5 descriptions.
Keywords Mental Disorders,   DSM-5  Ontologies  Prototypes
Categories (categorize this paper)
Buy the book Find it on Amazon.com
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

 PhilArchive page | Other versions
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Doing Without Concepts.Edouard Machery - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
Cognitive Representations of Semantic Categories.Eleanor Rosch - 1975 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 104 (3):192-233.
What a Theory of Mental Health Should Be.Christopher Boorse - 1976 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 6 (1):61–84.

View all 17 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Dealing with Concepts: From Cognitive Psychology to Knowledge Representation.Marcello Frixione & Antonio Lieto - 2013 - Frontiers of Psychological and Behevioural Science 2 (3):96-106.
An Ontology in Owl for Legal Case-Based Reasoning.Adam Wyner - 2008 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 16 (4):361-387.
Anthropologische und evolutionäre Konzepte psychischer Störungen.Andreas Heinz & Ulrike Kluge - 2011 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 59 (4):605-621.
An Evaluation of the DSM Concept of Mental Disorder.Guy A. Boysen - 2007 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 28 (2):157-173.
Ontological Categories in GOL.Barbara Heller & Heinrich Herre - 2004 - Axiomathes 14 (1-3):57-76.
Finding the Meaning in Images: Annotation and Image Markup.Daniel L. Rubin - 2011 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 18 (4):311-318.
The Concept of Mental Disorder: A Proposal.Alfredo Gaete - 2008 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 15 (4):327-339.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2016-05-05

Total views
233 ( #40,716 of 2,438,839 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
30 ( #24,881 of 2,438,839 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes