Ontologies, Mental Disorders and Prototypes

In Matteo Vincenzo D'Alfonso & Don Berkich (eds.), On the Cognitive, Ethical, and Scientific Dimensions of Artificial Intelligence. Berlin, Germany: Springer Verlag (2019)

Authors
Antonio Lieto
University of Turin
Marcello Frixione
Università degli Studi di Genova
Greta Adamo
University of Genoa
Abstract
As it emerged from philosophical analyses and cognitive research, most concepts exhibit typicality effects, and resist to the efforts of defining them in terms of necessary and sufficient conditions. This holds also in the case of many medical concepts. This is a problem for the design of computer science ontologies, since knowledge representation formalisms commonly adopted in this field do not allow for the representation of concepts in terms of typical traits. However, the need of representing concepts in terms of typical traits concerns almost every domain of real world knowledge, including medical domains. In particular, in this article we take into account the domain of mental disorders, starting from the DSM-5 descriptions of some specific mental disorders. On this respect, we favor a hybrid approach to the representation of psychiatric concepts, in which ontology oriented formalisms are combined to a geometric representation of knowledge based on conceptual spaces.
Keywords prototypes, diagnosis, dsm,
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1007/978-3-030-01800-9_10
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Doing Without Concepts.Edouard Machery - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
Cognitive Representations of Semantic Categories.Eleanor Rosch - 1975 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 104 (3):192-233.

View all 22 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Hybrid Extensional Prototype Compositionality.Jussi Jylkkä - 2011 - Minds and Machines 21 (1):41-56.
Phenomenological Approaches to Psychiatric Classification.Anthony Vincent Fernandez - forthcoming - In Giovanni Stanghellini, Matthew Broome, Anthony Vincent Fernandez, Paolo Fusar-Poli, Andrea Raballo & René Rosfort (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Phenomenological Psychopathology. Oxford, UK:
Natural Categories.Eleanor Rosch - 1973 - Cognitive Psychology 4 (3):328-350.
Evaluating Expert System Prototypes.Pål Sørgaard - 1991 - AI and Society 5 (1):3-17.
The Diagnosis of Mental Disorders: The Problem of Reification.Steven Edward Hyman - 2010 - Annual Review of Clinical Psychology 6:155-179.
What is Wrong with Prototypes.Peter Földiák - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (4):471-472.
How is Representation Learned?James R. Williamson - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (4):484-484.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2018-11-27

Total views
196 ( #39,912 of 2,285,987 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
89 ( #7,538 of 2,285,987 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes

Sign in to use this feature