Typology reconsidered: Two doctrines on the history of evolutionary biology

Biology and Philosophy 13 (2):153-177 (1998)
  Copy   BIBTEX


Recent historiography of 19th century biology supports the revision of two traditional doctrines about the history of biology. First, the most important and widespread biological debate around the time of Darwin was not evolution versus creation, but biological functionalism versus structuralism. Second, the idealist and typological structuralist theories of the time were not particularly anti-evolutionary. Typological theories provided argumentation and evidence that was crucial to the refutation of Natural Theological creationism. The contrast between functionalist and structuralist approaches to biology continues today, and the historical misunderstanding of 19th century typological biology may be one of its effects. This historical case can shed light on current controversies regarding the relevance of developmental biology to evolution.



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 77,985

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

On the origin of the typological/population distinction in Ernst Mayr's changing views of species, 1942-1959.Carl Chung - 2003 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 34 (2):277-296.
Popper, falsifiability, and evolutionary biology.David N. Stamos - 1996 - Biology and Philosophy 11 (2):161-191.
Homology in comparative, molecular, and evolutionary developmental biology: The radiation of a concept.Ingo Brigandt - 2003 - Journal of Experimental Zoology (Molecular and Developmental Evolution) 299:9-17.
What is wrong with typological thinking?Tim Lewens - 2009 - Philosophy of Science 76 (3):355-371.


Added to PP

76 (#165,532)

6 months
6 (#146,135)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Citations of this work

Against normal function.Ron Amundson - 2000 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 31 (1):33-53.
Non-essentialist methods in pre-Darwinian taxonomy.Mary P. Winsor - 2003 - Biology and Philosophy 18 (3):387-400.

View all 32 citations / Add more citations

References found in this work

On the Origin of Species.Charles Darwin - 2008 - Minneapolis, MN: Oxford University Press.
The Darwinian Revolution.Michael Ruse - 2019 - Cambridge University Press.
The Triumph of the Darwinian Method.Michael T. Ghiselin - 1973 - Philosophy of Science 40 (3):466-467.
Evolution, population thinking, and essentialism.Elliott Sober - 1980 - Philosophy of Science 47 (3):350-383.

View all 22 references / Add more references