Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (4):534-547 (2002)

Authors
Abstract
In our target article, we discussed the standards of evidence that could be used to identify adaptations, and argued that building an empirical case that certain features of a trait are best explained by exaptation, spandrel, or constraint requires the consideration, testing, and rejection of adaptationist hypotheses. We are grateful to the 31 commentators for their thoughtful insights. They raised important issues, including the meaning of “exaptation”; whether Gould and Lewontin's critique of adaptationism was primarily epistemological or ontological; the necessity, sufficiency, or utility of design evidence, phylogenetic analyses, homology, and molecular genetics in distinguishing exaptations from adaptations; whether adaptationists accept adaptationist hypotheses too quickly; and the real utility of adaptationism to human behavioral science. We organize our response along the major points of the target article, in some situations defending our original claims and in others modifying them. While debate on these issues will undoubtedly continue, we are cautiously optimistic that the main points of the target article (as modified by our response) will help move the debate in a positive direction.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1017/S0140525X02530090
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 50,268
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Biological Levers and Extended Adaptationism.Gillian Barker - 2008 - Biology and Philosophy 23 (1):1-25.
Seven Types of Adaptationism.Tim Lewens - 2009 - Biology and Philosophy 24 (2):161-182.
Modest Adaptationism: Muddling Through Cognition and Language.Scott Atran - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (4):504-506.
Ontology is the Problem. John - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (4):516-517.
Troubles with Exaptationism.Derek Browne - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (4):510-511.
Constraining the Adaptationism Debate.Roger Sansom - 2003 - Biology and Philosophy 18 (4):493-512.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2009-01-28

Total views
84 ( #108,906 of 2,325,525 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
10 ( #64,423 of 2,325,525 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes