Detecting Errors that Result in Retractions


Authors
K. Brad Wray
Aarhus University
Line Edslev Andersen
Aarhus University
Abstract
We present a taxonomy of errors in the scientific literature and an account of how the errors are distributed over the categories. We have developed the taxonomy by studying substantial errors in the scientific literature as described in retraction notices published in the journal Science over the past 35 years. We then examine how the sorts of errors that lead to retracted papers can be prevented and detected, considering the perspective of collaborating scientists, journal editors and referees, and readers of the published articles.
Keywords scientific literature  retraction  retraction notices  retracted papers  error in science  taxonomies  Science (journal)
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