Racial Integration As a Compelling Interest

Elizabeth Anderson
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
The premise of this symposium is that the principle and ideal developed in Brown v. Board of Education2 and its successor cases lie at the heart of the rationale for affirmative action in higher education. The principle of the school desegregation cases is that racial segregation is an injustice that demands remediation. The ideal of the school desegregation cases is that racial integration is a positive good, without which “the dream of one Nation, indivisible”3 cannot be realized. Both the principle and the ideal make racial integration a compelling interest. The Supreme Court recognized these claims in Grutter v. Bollinger. However, it failed to take full advantage of them. It thereby failed to answer crucial questions that must be answered by policies subject to strict scrutiny. In this essay, I shall display the links tying Grutter to Brown, discuss the vulnerabilities of Grut- ter in the absence of an explicit grounding in Brown, and demonstrate how the affirmative action policy upheld in Grutter, when explicitly grounded in Brown, survives strict scrutiny. To understand this argument, it is helpful first to explain the integrationist perspective that underlies it.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Translate to english
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 36,003
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

The Michigan Cases and Furthering the Justification for Affirmative Action.James P. Sterba - 2004 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 18 (1):1-12.
The Problem of Violence in South Africa.Leo Kuper - 1964 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 7 (1-4):295 – 303.


Added to PP index

Total downloads
88 ( #74,051 of 2,293,925 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
8 ( #63,122 of 2,293,925 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Monthly downloads

My notes

Sign in to use this feature