The Philosophers' Brief on Chimpanzee Personhood

Proposed Brief by Amici Curiae Philosophers in Support of the Petitioner-Appelllant Court of Appeals, State of New York, (2018)
Authors
L. Syd M Johnson
Michigan Technological University
Jeff Sebo
New York University
Gary Comstock
North Carolina State University
11 more
Abstract
In this brief, we argue that there is a diversity of ways in which humans (Homo sapiens) are ‘persons’ and there are no non-arbitrary conceptions of ‘personhood’ that can include all humans and exclude all nonhuman animals. To do so we describe and assess the four most prominent conceptions of ‘personhood’ that can be found in the rulings concerning Kiko and Tommy, with particular focus on the most recent decision, Nonhuman Rights Project, Inc v Lavery.
Keywords animal ethics  animal rights  personhood  chimpanzees
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