Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 98 (4):505 - 537 (1993)

L'éthique du discours opère une transformation postmétaphysique de l'éthique kantienne. Dans sa version pragmatico-transcendantale, cette éthique met au jour les présuppositions de toute communication : elle peut ainsi effectuer une fondation ultime de son propre principe et mettre en évidence le langage comme medium de la fondation concrète des normes morales. Mais contrairement à l'éthique kantienne, l'éthique du discours est également une éthique de la responsabilité reliée à l'histoire, en ce qu'elle tient compte des limites que les situations concrètes peuvent imposer à l'application des normes morales. Discourse ethics is intended to bring about a post-metaphysical transformation of Kantian ethics. The transcendental-pragmatic version of discourse ethics exposes the presuppositions of all communication, and in so doing it provides an ultimate grounding for its own principle, and reveals the way in which language serves as a medium f or a concrete foundation of moral norms. But unlike Kant's theory, discourse ethics is also an "ethics of responsability": one which takes account of real world historical contexts, while at the same time recognizing that there are limits to the sorts of concrete situations in which moral norms can be applied.
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