Authors
Dimitris Apostolopoulos
Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
Abstract
This paper attempts to clarify Merleau-Ponty’s later work by tracing a hitherto overlooked set of concerns that were of key consequence for the formulation of his ontological research. I argue that his ontology can be understood as a response to a set of problems originating in reflections on the intersubjective use of language in dialogue, undertaken in the early 1950s. His study of dialogue disclosed a structure of meaning-formation and pointed towards a theory of truth (both recurring ontological topics) that post-Phenomenology premises could not account for. A study of dialogue shows that speakers’ positions are interchangeable, that speaking subjects are active and passive in varying degrees, and that the intentional roles of subjects and objects are liable to shift or ‘transgress’ themselves. These observations anticipate the concepts of ‘reversibility’ and ‘narcissism’, his later view of activity and passivity, and his later view of intentionality, and sharpened the need to adopt an intersubjective focus in ontological research.
Keywords Merleau-Ponty  ontology  language  intersubjectivity
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Reprint years 2017, 2018
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DOI 10.1080/09608788.2017.1373060
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References found in this work BETA

The Visible and the Invisible.B. Falk - 1970 - Philosophical Quarterly 20 (80):278-279.
Eye and Mind.Maurice Merleau-Ponty - 1964 - In The Primacy of Perception. Evanston, USA: Northwestern University Press. pp. 159-190.
Cézanne's Doubt.Maurice Merleau-Ponty - 1964 - In Sense and Non-Sense. Northwestern University Press. pp. 1-25.
Merleau-Ponty's Ontology.Steven Laycock - 19992 - Noûs 26 (3):365-368.

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