If you came upon a small child drowning in a pond, you ought to save the child even at considerable cost and risk to yourself. In 1972 Peter Singer observed that inhabitants of affluent industrialized societies stand in exactly the same relationship to the millions of poor inhabitants of poor undeveloped societies that you would stand to the small child drowning in the example just given. Given that you ought to help the drowning child, by parity of reasoning we ought to help the impoverished needy persons around the globe. To capture this intuition Singer proposed this principle of benevolence: If one can prevent some significant bad from occurring, without sacrificing anything of comparable moral importance, one ought morally to do so.1 Premature death caused by preventable disease, injury, and poverty is uncontroversially a significant bad. Donations to charitable organizations such as Oxfam can prevent many of these deaths around the world, so Singer’s principle holds that we ought to donate (or take some action that is comparably efficient at saving lives).
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Coping with Climate Change: What Justice Demands of Surfers, Mormons, and the Rest of Us.Kyle Fruh & Marcus Hedahl - 2013 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 16 (3):273-296.
Medical Ethics and More: Ideal Theories, Non-Ideal Theories and Conscientious Objection.F. Luna - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (1):129-133.
Similar books and articles
How Much for the Child?Christian Barry & Gerhard Øverland - 2013 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (1):189-204.
International Aid: When Giving Becomes a Vice.Neera K. Badhwar - 2006 - Social Philosophy and Policy 23 (1):69-101.
Foreign Aid and the Moral Value of Freedom.Martin Peterson - 2004 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 7 (3):293-307.
Good Samaritans, Good Humanitarians.Scott M. James - 2007 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 24 (3):238–254.
Against Shallow Ponds: An Argument Against Singer's Approach to Global Poverty.Scott Wisor - 2011 - Journal of Global Ethics 7 (1):19 - 32.
The Drowning Child and the Expanding Circle New Internationalist , April, 1997.Peter Singer - manuscript
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads155 ( #30,087 of 2,168,628 )
Recent downloads (6 months)10 ( #32,647 of 2,168,628 )
How can I increase my downloads?