Toward a theory of solidarity

Erkenntnis 59 (2):157 - 188 (2003)

Abstract

Many types of `other-regarding' acts and beliefs cannotbe accounted for satisfactorilyas instances of sophisticated selfishness, altruism,team-reasoning, Kantian duty, kinselection etc. This paper argues in favour ofre-inventing the notion of solidarity as ananalytical category capable of shedding importantnew light on hitherto under-explainedaspects of human motivation. Unlike altruism andnatural sympathy, orteam-reasoning, or Kantian duty, the essence of solidarity lies in thehypothesis that people are capable ofresponding sympathetically to a condition afflicting ‘others’,irrespectively of who those others are or whetherone cares for them personally. Andwhen that condition is a social artefact, we argue,solidarity turns radical.

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References found in this work

Freedom of the Will and the Concept of a Person.Harry Frankfurt - 1971 - Journal of Philosophy 68 (1):5-20.
Trust Within Reason.Martin Hollis - 1998 - Cambridge University Press.
Trust Within Reason (SJ Brams).M. Hollis - 1999 - Philosophical Books 40 (2):129-130.

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