Do we have moral obligations towards fiíture people? Addressing the moral vagueness of future environmental scenarios

Veritas 40:49-65 (2018)
Abstract
Resumen En este artículo me enfoco primordialmente en problemas morales asociados a las personas futuras y al medio ambiente. Cuando se trata del futuro, tenemos limitaciones tanto deontológicas como epistemológicas. A mayor cercanía con el presente, mayor es la certeza y el conocimiento que tenemos. Por lo tanto, cuando intentamos encontrar claridad moral respecto de escenarios futuros, nos vemos forzados a lidiar con una relación inversa entre certeza y tiempo. El gran problema con esto es que la mayoría de las perspectivas para afrontar algunos problemas morales del futuro no reconocen esta relación y, más bien, se enfocan en cosas que simplifiquen y clarifiquen las incertidumbres del futuro. En respuesta a esto, propongo una aproximación diferente, que opera desde la neutralidad y la atemporalidad, lidiando con las incertidumbres del futuro y, al mismo tiempo, proveyendo fundamentos morales que ayuden a clarificar el estado moral de vaguedad del futuro.In this paper, I will be primarily concerned with moral issues regarding future people and the environment. When it comes to the future, we have deontological and epistemic limitations. The closer to the present, the higher the certainty and the knowledge we have about facts. Thus, when we intend to find moral clarity regarding a future scenario, we deal with an inverse relation between certainty and time. The main problem is that most ways of dealing with moral issues about future scenarios do not address this relation, and rather focus on things that seem to simplify and clarify the uncertainties of the future. In response to this, I propose a different approach, one that operates neutrally and timelessly dealing with the uncertainties of the future while providing moral groundings that can help to clarify the future’s state of moral vagueness.
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DOI 10.4067/S0718-92732018000200049
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