“Practice-Oriented Controversies and Borrowed Epistemic Credibility in Current Evolutionary Biology: Phylogeography as a Case Study

Perspectives on Science 25 (3):310-334 (2017)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

Philosophical treatments of scientific controversies usually focus on theory, excluding important practice related aspects. However, scientists in conflict often appeal to extra-theoretical and extra-empirical elements. To understand better the role that non-empirical elements play in scientific controversies, we introduce the notion of borrowed epistemic credibility, illustrating our proposal with a recent controversy in a field of evolutionary biology known as phylogeography. Our analysis shows how scientific controversies that spring from disagreements about methodological issues potentially involve deeper debates regarding what constitutes good science, prompting the re-examination of more general issues, such as the nature of inference, rationality, and objectivity

Links

PhilArchive



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 93,642

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Scientific Controversies. A Socio-Historical Perspective on the Advancement of Science.Dominique Raynaud - 2015 - New Brunswick, New Jersey: Transaction Publishers. Edited by Lisa C. Chien.
Fighting about frequency.Karen Kovaka - 2021 - Synthese 199 (3-4):7777-7797.
Genuine versus bogus scientific controversies: the case of statins.Carlo Martini & Mattia Andreoletti - 2021 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 43 (4):1-23.
Relative Significance Controversies in Evolutionary Biology.Katherine Deaven - forthcoming - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science.
Sombrillas y operaciones en la construcción científica del mundo.Alfonso Arroyo-Santos - 2017 - Metatheoria – Revista de Filosofía E Historia de la Ciencia 8:107--116.
Methodological and contextual factors in the dawkins/gould dispute over evolutionary progress.Timothy Shanahan - 2001 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 32 (1):127-151.

Analytics

Added to PP
2015-09-07

Downloads
107 (#49,611)

6 months
22 (#694,291)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author Profiles

Francisco Vergara-Silva
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Alfonso Arroyo-Santos
National Autonomous University of Mexico

Citations of this work

No citations found.

Add more citations

References found in this work

The Scientist Qua Scientist Makes Value Judgments.Richard Rudner - 1953 - Philosophy of Science 20 (1):1-6.
The Value of Cognitive Values.Heather Douglas - 2013 - Philosophy of Science 80 (5):796-806.
‘Style’ for historians and philosophers.Ian Hacking - 1991 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 23 (1):1-20.
Computer simulation and the philosophy of science.Eric Winsberg - 2009 - Philosophy Compass 4 (5):835-845.

View all 9 references / Add more references