Synthese 200 (3):1-22 (2022)

Authors
Marcus Arvan
University of Tampa
Corey Maley
University of Kansas
Abstract
This article argues that if panpsychism is true, then there are grounds for thinking that digitally-based artificial intelligence may be incapable of having coherent macrophenomenal conscious experiences. Section 1 briefly surveys research indicating that neural function and phenomenal consciousness may be both analog in nature. We show that physical and phenomenal magnitudes—such as rates of neural firing and the phenomenally experienced loudness of sounds—appear to covary monotonically with the physical stimuli they represent, forming the basis for an analog relationship between the three. Section 2 then argues that if this is true and micropsychism—the panpsychist view that phenomenal consciousness or its precursors exist at a microphysical level of reality—is also true, then human brains must somehow manipulate fundamental microphysical-phenomenal magnitudes in an analog manner that renders them phenomenally coherent at a macro level. However, Sect. 3 argues that because digital computation abstracts away from microphysical-phenomenal magnitudes—representing cognitive functions non-monotonically in terms of digits —digital computation may be inherently incapable of realizing coherent macroconscious experience. Thus, if panpsychism is true, digital AI may be incapable of achieving phenomenal coherence. Finally, Sect. 4 briefly examines our argument’s implications for Tononi’s Integrated Information Theory theory of consciousness, which we contend may need to be supplanted by a theory of macroconsciousness as analog microphysical-phenomenal information integration.
Keywords consciousness  panpsychism  integrated information theory  analog  digital  combination problem  computationalism  Tononi
Categories (categorize this paper)
ISBN(s)
DOI 10.1007/s11229-022-03695-x
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Translate to english
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 70,337
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

What is It Like to Be a Bat?Thomas Nagel - 1974 - Philosophical Review 83 (October):435-50.
Minds, Brains, and Programs.John Searle - 1980 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (3):417-57.

View all 50 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Qualia Domesticated.Roberto Casati - 2002 - In Amita Chatterjee (ed.), Perspectives on Consciousness. New Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal.
Russellian Panpsychism: Too Good to Be True?Patrick Kuehner Lewtas - 2015 - American Philosophical Quarterly 52 (1):57-72.
Is Consciousness Everywhere? Essays on Panpsychism.Philip Goff & Alex Moran - 2021 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 28 (9-10):9-15.
Panpsychism and the Depsychologization of Consciousness.Keith Frankish - 2021 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 95 (1):51-70.
Two New Doubts About Simulation Arguments.Micah Summers & Marcus Arvan - forthcoming - Australasian Journal of Philosophy.
Panpsychism? Reply to Commentators, with a Celebration of Descartes.Galen Strawson - 2006 - In A. Freeman (ed.), Consciousness and its place in nature: does physicalism entail panpsychism? pp. 184–280.
Emergentist Panpsychism.William Seager - 2012 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 19 (9-10):9-10.
Resisting ?-Ism.W. G. Lycan - 2006 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 13 (10-11):65-71.
Panpsychism.Philip Goff - 2007 - In Max Velmans & Susan Schneider (eds.), The Blackwell Companion to Consciousness. Wiley-Blackwell.
The Selection Problem for Constitutive Panpsychism.Philip Woodward - 2021 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 99 (3):564-578.
Skrbina's *Mind That Abides: Panpsychism in the New Millennium*. [REVIEW]Gregory Nixon - 2009 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 16 (9):116-121.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2022-06-01

Total views
19 ( #582,562 of 2,507,897 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
19 ( #44,387 of 2,507,897 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes