Bayeswatch: an overview of Bayesian statistics

Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 8 (2):277-286 (2002)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

Increasingly, clinical research is evaluated on the quality of its statistical analysis. Traditionally, statistical analyses in clinical research have been carried out from a ‘frequentist’ perspective. The presence of an alternative paradigm – the Bayesian paradigm – has been relatively unknown in clinical research until recently. There is currently a growing interest in the use of Bayesian statistics in health care research. This is due both to a growing realization of the limitations of frequentist methods and to the ability of Bayesian methods explicitly to incorporate prior expert knowledge and belief into the analyses. This is in contrast to frequentist methods, where prior experience and beliefs tend to be incorporated into the analyses in an ad hoc fashion. This paper outlines the frequentist and Bayesian paradigms. Acute myocardial infarction mortality data are then analysed from both a Bayesian and a frequentist perspective. In some analyses, the two methods are seen to produce comparable results; in others, they produce different results. It is noted that in this example, there are clinically relevant questions that are more easily addressed from a Bayesian perspective. Finally, areas in clinical research where Bayesian ideas are increasingly common are highlighted.

Links

PhilArchive



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 76,346

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Bayesian statistics in radiocarbon calibration.Daniel Steel - 2001 - Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 2001 (3):S153-.
A problem for achieving informed choice.Adam La Caze - 2008 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 29 (4):255-265.
In praise of ecumenical Bayes.Michael D. Lee - 2011 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (4):206-207.
Exploratory statistics and empiricism.Stanley A. Mulaik - 1985 - Philosophy of Science 52 (3):410-430.
The Philosophical Relevance of Statistics.Deborah G. Mayo - 1980 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1980:97 - 109.
A foundation of Bayesian statistics.R. Kast - 1991 - Theory and Decision 31 (2-3):175-197.

Analytics

Added to PP
2013-11-24

Downloads
40 (#293,979)

6 months
1 (#450,993)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Citations of this work

Add more citations

References found in this work

A case for Bayesianism in clinical trials (with discussion).Donald A. Berry - 1993 - Statistics in Medicine 12 (15-16):1377-1393.

Add more references