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Abstract
Schopenhauer’s bifurcation between optimistic and pessimistic religions is made, so I argue here, by means of five criteria: to perceive of existence as punishment, to believe that salvation is not attained through ‘works’, to preach compassion so as to lead towards ascetics, to manifest an aura of mystery around religious doctrines and to, at some deep level, admit to the allegorical nature of religious creeds. By clearly showing what makes up the ‘pessimism’ of a ‘pessimistic religion’, Schopenhauer’s own philosophical pessimism can be clarified since he posits a strict correlation between the truth of philosophy and religion. Accordingly, Schopenhauer’s pessimism is by means of this process clarified as non-radical and providing a genuine ‘highest good’ that is more than absolute denial
Keywords Schopenhauer  Pessimism  Philosophy of religion  Optimism   Highest good
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DOI 10.1007/s11153-014-9479-9
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References found in this work BETA

Kant on God.Peter Byrne - 2007 - Ashgate Pub Co.
Schopenhauer: A Biography.David E. Cartwright - 2010 - Cambridge University Press.

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