Mind and Language 35 (1):67-89 (2020)

Authors
Alisabeth Ayars
University of British Columbia
Abstract
Recent work in folk metaethics finds a correlation between perceived consensus about a moral claim and meta-ethical judgments about whether the claim is universally or only relatively true. We argue that consensus can provide evidence for meta-normative claims, such as whether a claim is universally true. We then report several experiments indicating that people use consensus to make inferences about whether a claim is universally true. This suggests that people's beliefs about relativism and universalism are partly guided by evidence-based reasoning. In a final study, we show that the rejection of universalism does not generate a simple subjectivism but is associated with a more moderate relativism on which highly atypical positions are regarded as mistaken.
Keywords consensus  metaethics  moral learning  moral psychology  relativism  universalism
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DOI 10.1111/mila.12232
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References found in this work BETA

The Emotional Construction of Morals.Jesse Prinz - 2009 - Analysis 69 (4):701-704.
The Moral Problem.James Lenman - 1994 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 1 (1):125-126.
Color Realism and Color Science.Alex Byrne & David R. Hilbert - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (1):3-21.

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Citations of this work BETA

Moral Relativism.Christopher Gowans - 2015 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

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