European Journal of Philosophy 24 (4):879-891 (2016)
Individuals can do a broad variety of things with their words and enjoy different degrees of this capacity. What moderates this capacity? And in cases in which this capacity is unjustly disrupted, what is a good explanation for it? These are the questions I address here. I propose that speech capacity, understood as the capacity to do things with your words, is a structural property importantly dependent on individuals' position in a social structure. My account facilitates a non-individualistic explanation of cases in which speech capacity is undermined due to speaker's perceived social identity, e.g. episodes of silencing. Instead of appealing to interlocutors' implicit bias against speaker's identity, a structural approach refers to the positions interlocutors occupy in the social structure and the discursive conventions operating upon those positions. I articulate my proposal drawing on the notion of affordances. Each position within a social structure is associated with its own range of speech affordances. Thus, speech capacity is a function of the probability distribution of speech affordances across positions in the structure.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
Epistemic Injustice: Power and the Ethics of Knowing.Miranda Fricker - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
Tracking Epistemic Violence, Tracking Practices of Silencing.Kristie Dotson - 2011 - Hypatia 26 (2):236-257.
An Outline of a Theory of Affordances.Anthony Chemero - 2003 - Ecological Psychology 15 (2):181-195.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
What is Free Speech?David Braddon-Mitchell & Caroline West - 2004 - Journal of Political Philosophy 12 (4):437-460.
The Free Speech Argument Against Pornography.Caroline West - 2003 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 33 (3):391 - 422.
Responsibility for Silence.Saray Ayala & Nadya Vasilyeva - 2016 - Journal of Social Philosophy 47 (3):256-272.
Canonical Affordances in Context.Alan Costall - 2012 - Avant: Trends in Interdisciplinary Studies 3 (2):85-93.
Social Affordances in Context: What is It That We Are Bodily Responsive To?Erik Rietveld, Sanneke De Haan & Damiaan Denys - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (4):436-436.
Inner Speech and Metacognition: In Search of a Connection.Peter Langland‐Hassan - 2014 - Mind and Language 29 (5):511-533.
Can Affordances Explain Behavior?Alexandros Tillas, Gottfried Vosgerau, Tim Seuchter & Silvano Zipoli Caiani - forthcoming - Review of Philosophy and Psychology:1-21.
Hate Speech and the Problems of Agency: A Critique of Butler.Kory Schaff - 2002 - Social Philosophy Today 16:185-201.
Added to index2016-11-24
Total downloads22 ( #225,012 of 2,158,197 )
Recent downloads (6 months)22 ( #17,026 of 2,158,197 )
How can I increase my downloads?