Philosophy of Science 37 (1):1-15 (1970)

The ultimate source of explanation in biology is the principle of natural selection. Natural selection means differential reproduction of genes and gene combinations. It is a mechanistic process which accounts for the existence in living organisms of end-directed structures and processes. It is argued that teleological explanations in biology are not only acceptable but indeed indispensable. There are at least three categories of biological phenomena where teleological explanations are appropriate
Keywords Biology   Explanation   Teleology   Philosophy of Science
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DOI 10.1086/288276
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Aristotle.J. L. S. & W. D. Ross - 1924 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 44 (8):112.
The Ascent of Life.T. A. Goudje - 1975 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 31 (1):112-112.

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Categories, Life, and Thinking.Michael T. Ghiselin - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (2):269-283.
Function Without Purpose.Ron Amundson & George V. Lauder - 1994 - Biology and Philosophy 9 (4):443-469.
Teleological Theories of Mental Content.Peter Schulte & Karen Neander - 2022 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

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