Analysis 3 (1/2):28-31 (1935)
The criterion of truth is the measure of the truthfulness and reliability of our knowledge. It is also the basis for determining the correctness of our concepts and how much our perceptions, ideas, and concepts accord with objective reality. Idealism holds to the idea that the criterion of truth does not involve the integration between theory as created by human intelligence and objective reality, but rather that the criterion of truth involves the "clarity and correctness" of perception, viewpoints, and concepts by the subject. For instance, the Machists 1 think that the criterion of truth is experience, however, they neither interpret experience from a materialistic viewpoint, nor view experience as the result of humans interacting with nature as they reform it. The Machists view experience as a summary of perceptions and as the subjective experience of humans. In this sense, perception must be tested by perception itself. In attempting to escape the trap of solipsism , they proposed "collective experience" as the criterion of truth. According to such a view, anything that involves "common significance," that is, anything acknowledged by everyone, is the truth. Lenin exposed the absurdity of idealist theory by pointing out that by following the view of "socially formed experience" it is very easy to consider as normal the most absurd and farcical notions, such as ghosts, for such beliefs are also a form of human "experience." Religion also possesses a "common significance," for innumerable people believe in ghosts and miracles, etc. Nevertheless, religion does not become the truth because of this. The concept of the "criterion of truth" held by the Machists played a dominant role in modern bourgeois philosophy. Jean Jacques Rousseau and John Dewey, along with other reactionaries in philosophy all denied scientific criteria. They would rather that the masses remain ignorant of how to understand and determine the truth
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
What Should a Correspondence Theory Be and Do?Patricia Marino - 2006 - Philosophical Studies 127 (3):415-457.
Tarski, Quine, and “Disquotation” Schema (T).Bo Mou - 2000 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 38 (1):119-144.
Similar books and articles
Truth Cannot Be the Criterion by Which Truth is Tested.Zhang Enci - 1980 - Contemporary Chinese Thought 11 (3):3-11.
The Criterion of Truth Pamela Huby, Gordon Neal: The Criterion of Truth: Essays Written in Honour of George Kerferd, Together with a Text and Translation (with Annotations) of Ptolemy's On the Kriterion and Hegemonikon. Pp. Xiv + 301. Frontispiece Photograph of G. B. Kerferd. Liverpool University Press, 1989. £12.50. [REVIEW]M. R. Wright - 1991 - The Classical Review 41 (01):109-111.
The Criterion of Truth: Essays Written in Honour of George Kerferd Together with a Text and Translation (with Annotations) of Ptolemy's on the Kriterion and Hegemonikon.G. B. Kerferd, Pamela M. Huby & C. Gordon (eds.) - 1989 - Liverpool University Press.
A Symposium on Meaning and Truth, Part II Propositions, Truth, and the Ultimate Criterion of Truth.C. J. Ducasse - 1944 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 4 (3):317-340.
Added to index2009-06-12
Total downloads96 ( #49,984 of 2,132,893 )
Recent downloads (6 months)14 ( #53,262 of 2,132,893 )
How can I increase my downloads?
There are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.