Subjective experience is probably not limited to humans: The evidence from neurobiology and behavior

Consciousness and Cognition 14 (1):7-21 (2005)
Abstract
In humans, conscious perception and cognition depends upon the thalamocortical complex, which supports perception, explicit cognition, memory, language, planning, and strategic control. When parts of the T-C system are damaged or stimulated, corresponding effects are found on conscious contents and state, as assessed by reliable reports. In contrast, large regions like cerebellum and basal ganglia can be damaged without affecting conscious cognition directly. Functional brain recordings also show robust activity differences in cortex between experimentally matched conscious and unconscious events. This basic anatomy and physiology is highly conserved in mammals and perhaps ancestral reptiles. While language is absent in other species, homologies in perception, memory, and motor cortex suggest that consciousness of one kind or another may be biologically fundamental and phylogenetically ancient. In humans we infer subjective experiences from behavioral and brain evidence. This evidence is quite similar in other mammals and perhaps some non-mammalian species. On the weight of the biological evidence, therefore, subjectivity may be conserved in species with human-like brains and behavior
Keywords *Animal Ethology  *Behavior  *Consciousness States  *Neurobiology  *Perception  Brain  Cognition  Experiences (Events)  Mammals  Memory  Neurosciences
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1016/j.concog.2004.11.002
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 33,225
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

On a Confusion About a Function of Consciousness.Ned Block - 1995 - Brain and Behavioral Sciences 18 (2):227-–247.
A Framework for Consciousness.Francis Crick & Christof Koch - 2003 - Nature Neuroscience 6:119-26.
The Role of Temporal Cortical Areas in Perceptual Organization.D. L. Sheinberg & Nikos K. Logothetis - 1997 - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Usa 94:3408-3413.

View all 20 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Sovereignty and the UFO.Alexander Wendt & Raymond Duvall - 2008 - Political Theory 36 (4):607-633.

View all 7 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Toward a Science of Ultimate Concern.Jaak Panksepp - 2005 - Consciousness and Cognition 14 (1):22-29.
Brain Disease or Moral Condition? Wrong Question.Thomas I. Cochrane - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (1):24 – 25.
Does Consciousness Cause Misbehavior?William P. Banks - 2006 - In Susan Pockett, William P. Banks & Shaun Gallagher (eds.), Does Consciousness Cause Behavior? MIT Press. pp. 235-256.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2009-01-28

Total downloads
118 ( #49,098 of 2,242,781 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
6 ( #69,260 of 2,242,781 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Monthly downloads

My notes

Sign in to use this feature