How is analytical thinking related to religious belief? A test of three theoretical models

Religion, Brain and Behavior 11 (3):239-260 (2021)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

The replicability and importance of the correlation between cognitive style and religious belief have been debated. Moreover, the literature has not examined distinct psychological accounts of this relationship. We tested the replicability of the correlation (N = 5284; students and broader samples of Canadians, Americans, and Indians); while testing three accounts of how cognitive style comes to be related to belief in God, karma, witchcraft, and to the belief that religion is necessary for morality. The first, the dual process model, posits that analytical thinking is recruited in overriding intuitions related to supernatural beliefs. The second, the expressive rationality model, posits that analytical thinking is recruited in supporting already-held beliefs in an identity-protective manner. And the third, the counter-normativity rationality model, posits that analytical thinking is recruited to question beliefs supported by prevailing cultural norms. In Study 2, we tested the replicability of our results in a re-analysis of published data. The association between analytic thinking style and beliefs was replicated. We conclude that whereas the counter-normativity rationality model was contradicted by the data, both the dual process and expressive rationality models received varying degrees of empirical support, but neither model fully accounted for all the patterns in the data.

Links

PhilArchive

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Does Cognitive Science of Religion Undermine Religious Belief?Rezkalla Paul - 2015 - Философия И Космология 14 (1):214-220.
Does Cognitive Science of Religion Undermine Religious Belief?Paul Rezkalla - 2015 - Philosophy and Cosmology 14 (1):215-221.
An american argument for belief in the reality of God.Douglas R. Anderson - 1989 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 26 (2):109 - 118.
Should Religious Beliefs Be Exempt from the Duty to Think Critically?Donald Hatcher - 2014 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 29 (1):17-31.

Analytics

Added to PP
2022-02-15

Downloads
120 (#105,641)

6 months
52 (#25,366)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?