A Monistic Conclusion to Aristotle’s Ergon Argument: the Human Good as the Best Achievement of a Human

Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 103 (3):373-403 (2021)
  Copy   BIBTEX


Scholars have often thought that a monistic reading of Aristotle’s definition of the human good – in particular, one on which “best and most teleios virtue” refers to theoretical wisdom – cannot follow from the premises of the ergon argument. I explain how a monistic reading can follow from the premises, and I argue that this interpretation gives the correct rationale for Aristotle’s definition. I then explain that even though the best and most teleios virtue must be a single virtue, that virtue could in principle be a whole virtue that arises from the combination of all the others. I also clarify that the definition of the human good aims at capturing the nature of human eudaimonia only in its primary case.

Similar books and articles

The Limits of Eudaimonia in the Nicomachean Ethics.Schwartz Daniel - 2016 - Journal of Greco-Roman Studies 55 (3):35-52.
Ethica eudemia I, 5 : É O prazer alvo da Vida boa?Inara Zanuzzi - 2014 - Philósophos - Revista de Filosofia 19 (2):111-128.
Seeing and Hitting the Target: Aristotle's Aims in the "Ethics".David Willard Barlow - 1990 - Dissertation, University of California, Riverside
Human Flourishing from the Foot's Viewpoint Regarding to Aristotle's Ideas.Majid Mollayousefi Mollayousefi & Sakine Aflatooni Aflatooni - 2011 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 5 (9):161-176.
The Peculiar Function of Human Beings.Richard Kraut - 1979 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 9 (3):467 - 478.
Essentialism and Pluralism in Aristotle’s “Function Argument” (NE 1.7).Jacob Abolafia - 2017 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 21 (2):391-400.
Aristotle's Argument for a Human Function.Rachel Barney - 2008 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 34:293-322.
Human Nature and 'Eudaimonia' in Aristotle.Don Thomas Asselin - 1987 - Dissertation, Marquette University


Added to PP

835 (#17,208)

6 months
254 (#8,746)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author's Profile

Samuel H. Baker
University of South Alabama

References found in this work

Natural goodness.Philippa Foot - 2001 - New York: Oxford University Press.
Ethics with Aristotle.Sarah Broadie - 1991 - New York: Oxford University Press.
What is Good and Why: The Ethics of Well-Being.Richard Kraut - 2007 - Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Natural Goodness.Philippa Foot - 2001 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 64 (3):604-606.
What is good and why: the ethics of well-being.Richard Kraut - 2007 - Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

View all 53 references / Add more references