Philosophical Perspectives 29 (1):40-66 (2015)

Authors
Matthew A. Benton
Seattle Pacific University
Max Baker-Hytch
Oxford University (DPhil)
Abstract
Many epistemologists are enamored with a defeat condition on knowledge. In this paper we present some implementation problems for defeatism, understood along either internalist or externalist lines. We then propose that one who accepts a knowledge norm of belief, according to which one ought to believe only what one knows, can explain away much of the motivation for defeatism. This is an important result, because on the one hand it respects the plausibility of the intuitions about defeat shared by many in epistemology; but on the other hand, it obviates the need to provide a unified account of defeat which plays well with the most plausible views of how knowledge fits with evidential probability.
Keywords epistemic defeat  defeaters  knowledge  evidence  evidential probability  knowledge norm of belief  E=K
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Reprint years 2015
DOI 10.1111/phpe.12056
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References found in this work BETA

What is Justified Belief.Alvin Goldman - 1979 - In George Pappas (ed.), Justification and Knowledge. Boston: D. Reidel. pp. 1-25.
Higher‐Order Evidence and the Limits of Defeat.Maria Lasonen-Aarnio - 2014 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 88 (2):314-345.
Causation as Influence.David K. Lewis - 2000 - Journal of Philosophy 97 (4):182-197.
The Skeptic and the Dogmatist.James Pryor - 2000 - Noûs 34 (4):517–549.

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Citations of this work BETA

Evil and Evidence.Matthew A. Benton, John Hawthorne & Yoaav Isaacs - 2016 - Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion 7:1-31.
How to Use Cognitive Faculties You Never Knew You Had.Andrew Moon - 2018 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 99 (S1):251-275.
What is Epistemic Blame?Jessica Brown - 2020 - Noûs 54 (2):389-407.

View all 20 citations / Add more citations

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