Sci 1 (3) (2020)

Authors
Don Dcruz
Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi
Abstract
We address the need for a model by considering two competing theories regarding the origin of life: (i) the Metabolism First theory, and (ii) the RNA World theory. We discuss two interrelated points, namely: (i) Models are valuable tools for understanding both the processes and intricacies of origin-of-life issues, and (ii) Insights from models also help us to evaluate the core objection to origin-of-life theories, called “the inefficiency objection”, which is commonly raised by proponents of both the Metabolism First theory and the RNA World theory against each other. We use Simpson’s Paradox (SP) as a tool for challenging this objection. We will use models in various senses, ranging from taking them as representations of reality to treating them as theories/accounts that provide heuristics for probing reality. In this paper, we will frequently use models and theories interchangeably. Additionally, we investigate Conway’s Game of Life and contrast it with our SP-based approach to emergence-of-life issues. Finally, we discuss some of the consequences of our view. A scientific model is testable in three senses: (i) a logical sense, (ii) a nomological sense, and (iii) a current technological sense. The SP-based model is testable in the first two senses but it is not feasible to test it using current technology.
Keywords Simpson’s paradox  emergence of life  game of life  astrobiology
Categories (categorize this paper)
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

 PhilArchive page | Other versions
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

.Pierre Conway (ed.) - 1962 - College of St. Mary of the Springs.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Simpson's Paradox and the Wayward Researcher.Gary Malinas - 1997 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 75 (3):343 – 359.
Probabilistic Causality and Simpson's Paradox.Richard Otte - 1985 - Philosophy of Science 52 (1):110-125.
Logic of Simpson Paradox.Jacek Malinowski - 2005 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 14 (2):203-210.
What Good Are Abstract and What-If Models? Lessons From the Gaïa Hypothesis.Sébastien Dutreuil - 2014 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 36 (1):16-41.
Mereological Dominance and Simpson’s Paradox.Tung-Ying Wu - 2020 - Philosophia: Philosophical Quarterly of Israel 48 (1):391–404.
Cartwright and Otte on Simpson's Paradox.Ellery Eells - 1987 - Philosophy of Science 54 (2):233-243.
Towards an Ontology of Scientific Models.S. Ducheyne - 2008 - Metaphysica 9 (1):119-127.
Grelling’s Paradox.Jay Newhard - 2005 - Philosophical Studies 126 (1):1 - 27.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2021-10-16

Total views
83 ( #141,526 of 2,518,715 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
30 ( #29,292 of 2,518,715 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes