Journal of Chinese Philosophy 49 (1):97-105 (2022)

Rafal Banka
Oxford University
In this article, I discuss parthood status in mereologi- cally interpreted Daoist metaphysics, based on the Daodejing. I depart from the dao and you interrela- tion, which mereologically overlap by sharing parts. I consider the case of a complete overlap, which (a) challenges proper parthood, according to which a part cannot be identical with the whole that it com- poses, and (b) entails the question of identity that, while complying with classical mereology, cannot be consis- tent with Daoist metaphysics. The discussion leads to abandoning proper parthood and antisymmetry axiom from classical axiomatics. It also shows a plausible fur- ther direction for mereological reconstruction.
Keywords mereology, Chinese metaphysics, Daoist metaphysics, comparative metaphysics
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DOI 10.1163/15406253-12340051
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