Consciousness and Cognition 26:13-23 (2014)

Authors
Riccardo Fusaroli
University of Aarhus
Abstract
In a range of contexts, individuals arrive at collective decisions by sharing confidence in their judgements. This tendency to evaluate the reliability of information by the confidence with which it is expressed has been termed the ‘confidence heuristic’. We tested two ways of implementing the confidence heuristic in the context of a collective perceptual decision-making task: either directly, by opting for the judgement made with higher confidence, or indirectly, by opting for the faster judgement, exploiting an inverse correlation between confidence and reaction time. We found that the success of these heuristics depends on how similar individuals are in terms of the reliability of their judgements and, more importantly, that for dissimilar individuals such heuristics are dramatically inferior to interaction. Interaction allows individuals to alleviate, but not fully resolve, differences in the reliability of their judgements. We discuss the implications of these findings for models of confidence and collective decision-making
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DOI 10.1016/j.concog.2014.02.002
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References found in this work BETA

Confidence in Judgment.Nigel Harvey - 1997 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 1 (2):78-82.

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Citations of this work BETA

The Perceptual and Social Components of Metacognition.Niccolo Pescetelli, Geraint Rees & Bahador Bahrami - 2016 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 145 (8):949-965.

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