“Justice is happiness”?—An analysis of Plato's strategies in response to challenges from the sophists

Frontiers of Philosophy in China 6 (2):258-272 (2011)
Abstract
The challenge from the sophists with whom Plato is confronted is: Who can prove that the just man without power is happy whereas the unjust man with power is not? This challenge concerns the basic issue of politics: the relationship between justice and happiness. Will the unjust man gain the exceptional happiness of the strong by abusing his power and by injustice? The gist of Plato’s reply is to speak not of justice but of intrinsic justice, i.e., the strength of virtue which, in his account, is the fundamental good of man. Nevertheless, many contend that intrinsic justice is actually injustice, for the division of power in the state is undemocratic while in the soul, the suppression of desire by the reason. Plato’s advocacy of hierarchical, elite political system has enraged democrats, while his idea of philosopher king has enraged the aristocrats as well. So, who will appreciate Plato’s effort?
Keywords justice  happiness  politics of the strong
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1007/s11466-011-0137-3
Options
 Save to my reading list
Follow the author(s)
My bibliography
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Revision history
Request removal from index
Download options
Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 28,126
Through your library
References found in this work BETA
The Fragility of Goodness.Martha Nussbaum - 1988 - Journal of Philosophy 85 (7):376-383.
Plato's Ethics.Terence Irwin - 1995 - Oxford University Press.
Platonic Ethics, Old and New.Julia Annas - 1999 - Cornell University Press.
The City and Man.Leo Strauss - 1964 - Chicago: Rand Mcnally.

View all 7 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles
Plato on Injustice in Republic Book I.Yuji Kurihara - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 2:133-139.
The Sophistic Movement.G. B. Kerferd - 1981 - Cambridge University Press.
Knowledge and Power in Plato's Political Thought.Thom Brooks - 2006 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 14 (1):51 – 77.
Justice: The Neglected Argument and the Pregnant Vision.Xunwu Chen - 2009 - Asian Philosophy 19 (2):189 – 198.
Essays in Ancient and Modern Philosophy.H. W. B. Joseph - 1935 - Freeport, N.Y., Books for Libraries Press.
The Republic of Plato. Plato - 1991 - Basic Books (AZ).
The Justice of the Polis and the Justice of the Soul.Yufeng Wang - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 2:191-196.
Plato on the Ideal of Justice and Human Happiness.Yuji Kurihara - 2008 - Philosophical Inquiry 30 (3-4):77-86.
The Republic. Plato - 2003 - Penguin Books.

Monthly downloads

Added to index

2011-05-22

Total downloads

87 ( #60,121 of 2,171,878 )

Recent downloads (6 months)

3 ( #117,896 of 2,171,878 )

How can I increase my downloads?

My notes
Sign in to use this feature


Discussion
Order:
There  are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.

Other forums