Connecting Applied and Theoretical Bayesian Epistemology: Data Relevance, Pragmatics, and the Legal Case of Sally Clark
Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (2):242-262 (2017)
AbstractIn this article applied and theoretical epistemologies benefit each other in a study of the British legal case of R. vs. Clark. Clark's first infant died at 11 weeks of age, in December 1996. About a year later, Clark had a second child. After that child died at eight weeks of age, Clark was tried for murdering both infants. Statisticians and philosophers have disputed how to apply Bayesian analyses to this case, and thereby arrived at different judgments about it. By dwelling on this applied case, I make theoretical gains: clarifying and defending pragmatic principles of inference that are important for estimating key probabilities in a range of cases. Then, partly by drawing on such principles, and uncovering overlooked data on post-partum psychosis, I make applied gains: improving the rationality of judgments about the Sally Clark case in particular, judgments important to future similar cases.
Added to PP
Historical graph of downloads
References found in this work
No references found.
Citations of this work
Why Can Only 24% Solve Bayesian Reasoning Problems in Natural Frequencies: Frequency Phobia in Spite of Probability Blindness.Patrick Weber, Karin Binder & Stefan Krauss - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
Eliminative Pluralism and Integrative Alternatives: The Case of Species.Matthew J. Barker - 2019 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 70 (3):657-681.
A New Visualization for Probabilistic Situations Containing Two Binary Events: The Frequency Net.Karin Binder, Stefan Krauss & Patrick Wiesner - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
Similar books and articles
Applying Principles to Cases and the Problem of Judgment.John K. Davis - 2012 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 15 (4):563 - 577.
Cognitive Systems and the Supersized Mind. [REVIEW]Robert D. Rupert - 2011 - Philosophical Studies 152 (3):427 - 436.
Regaining Sense-Connections After Cerebral Hemorrhage.Thomas S. Eberle - 2013 - Schutzian Research. A Yearbook of Worldly Phenomenology and Qualitative Social Science 5 (2013):81-102.
A Fuzzy Theoretical Approach to Case-Based Representation and Inference in CISG.Mingqiang Xu, Kaoru Hirota & Hajime Yoshino - 1999 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 7 (2-3):259-272.
Explanatoriness and Evidence: A Reply to McCain and Poston.William Roche & Elliott Sober - 2014 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 3 (3):193-199.
On Clark on Systematicity and Connectionism.Keith Butler - 1993 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 44 (1):37-44.
The Value of Truth and the Care of the Soul.Arthur Witherall - 1996 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 13 (2):189-198.
March Madness: A Case in Applied Ethics.Sally J. Scholz & Eric Riviello - 2008 - Teaching Philosophy 31 (2):141-150.
What the Bayesian Framework has Contributed to Understanding Cognition: Causal Learning as a Case Study.Keith J. Holyoak & Hongjing Lu - 2011 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (4):203-204.
On Legal Inferentialism. Toward a Pragmatics of Semantic Content in Legal Interpretation?Giovanni Tuzet Damiano Canale - 2007 - Ratio Juris 20 (1):32-44.
On Legal Inferentialism. Toward a Pragmatics of Semantic Content in Legal Interpretation?Damiano Canale & Giovanni Tuzet - 2007 - Ratio Juris 20 (1):32-44.