Synthese:1-27 (forthcoming)

Authors
Michael Barkasi
Rice University (PhD)
Abstract
What's presented in our normal waking perceptual visual experiences feels present to us, while what we "see" in pictures and imagine does not. What about dreams? Does what we "see" in a dream feel present? Jennifer Windt has argued for an affirmative answer, for all dreams. But the dreams which flow from the brain's registration of myoclonic twitches (body-driven dreams) present a challenge to this answer. During these dreams (so I argue) motion-guiding vision is shut off, and, as Mohan Matthen has argued, motion-guiding vision seems to be a key mechanism underlying the feeling of presence. I propose that the feeling of presence in fact involves two components: the feeling of immersion, and the feeling of availability for action. I suggest that only the feeling of availability for action derives from motion-guiding vision, and, hence, hypothesize that body-driven dreams lack this component to the feeling of presence (while still having the feeling of immersion). Finally, the distinction between these two varieties of presence has implications for measures of presence in virtual environments, as these measures can diverge over which of the two varieties they track.
Keywords Presence  Dreams  Myoclonic twitches  motion-guiding vision  virtual environments
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DOI 10.1007/s11229-020-02898-4
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References found in this work BETA

Action in Perception. [REVIEW]Alva Noë - 2005 - Journal of Philosophy 102 (5):259-272.
Understanding Pictures.Dominic Lopes - 1996 - Oxford University Press.
Consciousness, Dreams and Virtual Realities.Antti Revonsuo - 1995 - Philosophical Psychology 8 (1):35-58.

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