Mind and Society 9 (2):119-138 (2010)

Abstract
It is sometimes argued that experimental economists do not have to worry about external validity so long as the design sticks closely to a theoretical model. This position mistakes the model for the theory. As a result, applied economics designs often study phenomena distinct from their stated objects of inquiry. Because the implemented models are abstract, they may provide improbable analogues to their stated subject matter. This problem is exacerbated by the relational character of the social world, which also sets epistemic limits for the social science laboratory more generally
Keywords Experiments  Social construction  External validity
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DOI 10.1007/s11299-010-0075-0
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References found in this work BETA

Credible Worlds: The Status of Theoretical Models in Economics.Robert Sugden - 2000 - Journal of Economic Methodology 7 (1):1-31.
The Explanation of Social Behaviour.Alan Ryan, R. Harre & P. F. Secord - 1973 - Philosophical Quarterly 23 (93):374.
Models Are Experiments, Experiments Are Models.Uskali Mäki - 2005 - Journal of Economic Methodology 12 (2):303-315.

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