Authors
Paul James Barry
University of Melbourne
Abstract
Paul Barry | : Michael Stocker’s “The Schizophrenia of Modern Ethical Theories” attacks versions of consequentialism and deontological ethics on the grounds that they are self-effacing. While it is often thought that Stocker’s argument gives us a reason to favour virtue ethics over those other theories, Simon Keller has argued that this is a mistake. He claims that virtue ethics is also self-effacing, and is therefore afflicted with the self-effacement-related problems that Stocker identifies in consequentialism and deontology. This paper defends virtue ethics against this claim. Although there is a kind of self-effacement involved in the exercise of virtue, this is quite different from the so-called schizophrenia that Stocker thinks is induced by modern ethical theory. Importantly, manifesting virtue does not require one to embrace mutually inconsistent moral commitments, as is at times encouraged by consequentialists and deontologists. This paper also considers a reading of the virtue-ethical criterion of right action that is encouraged by Bernard Williams’s distinction between a de re and a de dicto interpretation of the phrase “acting as the virtuous person would.” I argue that such a reading addresses concerns that a virtue-ethical criterion of right action inevitably generates a problematic form of self-effacement. | : « The Schizophrenia of Modern Ethical Theories » de Michael Stocker réfute les versions du conséquentialisme et de l’éthique déontologique sous prétexte qu’elles conduisent à l’auto-effacement de l’agent. Alors que l’on pense souvent que l’argument de Stocker nous donne raison de préférer l’éthique des vertus à ces autres théories, cela constitue une erreur selon Simon Keller. Ce dernier affirme que l’éthique des vertus conduit aussi à l’auto-effacement et qu’elle rencontre par conséquent les mêmes problèmes d’auto-effacement que Stocker identifie dans le conséquentialisme et la déontologie. Cet article défend l’éthique des vertus contre cette hypothèse. Bien qu’il y ait une forme d’auto-effacement dans la manifestation des vertus, celle-ci diffère assez de la « schizophrénie » que Stocker juge induite par la théorie moderne de l’éthique. Il est important de comprendre que la manifestation de vertus n’implique pas d’adhérer à des engagements mutuellement inconsistants, comme les conséquentialistes et déontologues l’invoquent parfois. Cet article envisage aussi une lecture du critère éthique de la vertu de l’action juste suggérée par la distinction que fait Bernard Williams entre l’interprétation de re et de dicto dans la locution « Agir comme le ferait une personne vertueuse ». Je soutiens qu’une telle lecture répond à la préoccupation considérant qu’un critère éthique de vertu crée inévitablement une forme problématique d’auto-effacement.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.7202/1038197ar
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 58,242
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Virtue and Reason.John McDowell - 1979 - The Monist 62 (3):331-350.
The Schizophrenia of Modern Ethical Theories.Michael Stocker - 1976 - Journal of Philosophy 73 (14):453-466.
Virtue and Reason.John McDowell - 1997 - In Roger Crisp & Michael Slote (eds.), Virtue Ethics. Oxford University Press.
The Schizophrenia of Modern Ethical Theories.Michael Stocker - 1997 - In Roger Crisp & Michael Slote (eds.), Virtue Ethics. Oxford University Press.
Virtue Ethics and Right Action.R. Das - 2003 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 81 (3):324 – 339.

View all 8 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Schizophrenia and the Virtues of Self-Effacement.Paul Barry - 2016 - Les ateliers de l'éthique/The Ethics Forum 11 (1):29-48.
Virtue Ethics is Self-Effacing.Simon Keller - 2007 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 85 (2):221 – 231.
Is Virtue Ethics Self-Effacing?Glen Pettigrove - 2011 - The Journal of Ethics 15 (3):191-207.
Is Virtue Ethics Self-Effacing?Joel A. Martinez - 2011 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 89 (2):277-288.
A Third Method of Ethics?Roger Crisp - 2015 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 90 (2):257-273.
Eudaimonistic Virtue Ethics and Self-Effacement.Justin Clark - 2016 - Journal of Value Inquiry 50 (3):507-524.
On the Relationship Between the Aretaic and the Deontic.Jarek Gryz - 2011 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 14 (5):493-501.
The Schizophrenia of Modern Ethical Theories.Michael Stocker - 1976 - Journal of Philosophy 73 (14):453-466.
Virtue Ethics.Julia Annas - 2006 - In David Copp (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory. Oxford University Press. pp. 515--536.
Virtue Ethics, Kantian Ethics, and Consequentialism.Jane Singleton - 2002 - Journal of Philosophical Research 27:537-551.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2017-01-11

Total views
7 ( #1,011,543 of 2,419,528 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #542,199 of 2,419,528 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes