The Aristotelian Prescription: Skepticism, Retortion, and Transcendental Arguments

International Philosophical Quarterly 46 (3):263-276 (2006)
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From a number of quarters have come attempts to answer some form of skepticism—about knowledge of the external world, freedom of the will, or moral reasons—by showing it to be performatively self-defeating. Examples of this strategy are subject to a number of criticisms, in particular the criticism that they fail to shift the burden of proof from the anti-skeptical position, and so fail to establish the epistemic entitlement they seek. To these approaches I contrast one way of understanding Kant’s core anti-skeptical arguments in the Critique of Pure Reason. Kant’s goal is the more modest one of showing the applicability of the concepts of substance and cause to experience, against those who might call such application incoherent, or a category mistake. I explain why this goal makes Kant’s approach more promising than those of neo-Kantian practitioners of otherwise structurally-similar strategies.



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Adrian Bardon
Wake Forest University

Citations of this work

What is the Scandal of Philosophy?Roberto Horácio de Sá Pereira - 2018 - International Journal for the Study of Skepticism 8 (3):141-166.

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References found in this work

Transcendental arguments.Barry Stroud - 1968 - Journal of Philosophy 65 (9):241-256.
Cogito, ergo sum: Inference or performance?Jaakko Hintikka - 1962 - Philosophical Review 71 (1):3-32.
Transcendental Arguments.Barry Stroud - 1968 - Sententiae 33 (2):51-63.
Cogito, ergo sum as an inference and a performance.Jaakko Hintikka - 1963 - Philosophical Review 72 (4):487-496.
Arguing Transcendentally.Eva Schaper - 1972 - Kant Studien 63 (1-4):101-116.

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