¿una Vuelta A La Tragedia?: Análisis de las ideas nietzscheanas de juventud


Abstract
In the present work, the Greek tragedy will be analyzed from Nietzsche's philosophical perspective. His early writing will be focused upon, especially the Birth of Tragedy. Here, the philosopher proposes an interpretation of tragedy per se and of "the tragic" in direct relation to "science" and fundamentally to "life" as the point of view, or rather the chosen criterion to examine such artistic expressions. Firstly, the confrontation of the two conception of the world that Nietzsche will visualize not only in the old world, but also in his own lifetime are studied. Namely, the tragic conception of life, whose most noticeable testimony is the Greek tragedy, and its withdrawal upon the appearance of "rationalistic optimism", whose emblematic figures are Socrates and Euripides. Upon the advancement of the "socratic" conception, Nietzsche considers the possibility of restoring in his own time the sense of "the tragic" through his own philosophy. In this respect, we are interested in determining the role Nietzsche himself assumes in diagnosing his own times.En el presente trabajo analizaremos la tragedia griega desde la perspectiva filosófica de Nietzsche. Nos centraremos en sus primeros escritos, especialmente en el Nacimiento de la tragedia. Allí el filósofo propone una interpretación de la tragedia y de "lo trágico" en relación directa con la "ciencia" y fundamentalmente con la "vida" como la "óptica" o el criterio elegido para examinar tales expresiones artísticas. En primer lugar, nos interesa estudiar el enfrentamiento de las dos concepciones del mundo que Nietzsche visualizará no sólo en el mundo antiguo, sino también en su propio tiempo. Se trata de la concepción trágica de la vida cuyo testimonio más notable es la tragedia griega, y de su supresión frente a la aparición del "optimismo racionalista" que tiene como figuras emblemáticas a Sócrates y en la literatura a Eurípides. Ahora bien, ante el avance de la concepción "socrática" Nietzsche se plantea la posibilidad de restaurar en su tiempo el sentido "de lo trágico" a través de su propia filosofía. En esta dirección, nos interesa finalmente determinar el papel que asume el propio Nietzsche en tanto filósofo comprometido con su diagnóstico epocal
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