When Seeing Is Not Believing: Children's Understanding of Humans' and Non-Humans' Use of Background Knowledge in Interpreting Visual Displays

Journal of Cognition and Culture 3 (1):91-108 (2003)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

To explore 3- to 7-year-old children's developing understanding of human and non-human minds, a battery of "background knowledge" tasks was administered to 51 American children. The children were asked to speculate about how three other intentional agents would understand various visual displays. First, children answered when they themselves did not understand the displays, then they answered after they had been given information necessary to understand the displays. Results revealed that children begin to understand the role of background knowledge around the same age that they pass false-belief tasks; and that before thoroughly understanding the role of background knowledge they already begin to discriminate between different types of minds. By age four, children began to show some understanding that because of having different minds than people, God is more able and dogs are less able to understand some visual displays even with full visual access.

Links

PhilArchive



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 76,264

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Can We Be Justified in Believing That Humans Are Irrational?Edward Stein - 1997 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 57 (3):545-565.
Can we be justified in believing that humans are irrational?Edward Stein - 1997 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 57 (3):545-565.
Self-interpretation and Ethic.Z. Palovi?ová - 2006 - Filozofia 61:699-713.
Animals, handicapped children and the tragedy of marginal cases.J. L. Nelson - 1988 - Journal of Medical Ethics 14 (4):191-193.
Self-Knowledge for Humans.Quassim Cassam - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
Humans not Instruments.Harry Collins - 2010 - Spontaneous Generations 4 (1):138-147.
religion And humanity.Arne Grøn - 2008 - Florida Philosophical Review 8 (1):1-12.

Analytics

Added to PP
2018-08-01

Downloads
2 (#1,401,720)

6 months
1 (#449,844)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?