Ars Disputandi 11:118-132 (2011)

Robert Bass
University of North Carolina at Pembroke
I examine the evidential argument from inscrutable evil, evil for which we can see no morally adequate reason. Such evils are often thought to provide evidence for the existence of gratuitous evil that God could not be justified in allowing, but arguments for this are often informal and intuitive. I try to contribute greater rigor by developing a probabilistic argument that large numbers of inscrutable evils are strong evidence for the existence of gratuitous evil. Then, I consider and reject two plausible replies on behalf of the theist.
Keywords Evidential Problem of Evil  Gratuitous and Inscrutable Evil
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Skeptical Theism and Divine Permission - A Reply to Anderson.John Danaher - 2014 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 75 (2):101-118.
Not Skeptical Theism, but Trusting Theism.John McClellan - 2016 - Southwest Philosophy Review 32 (1):233-244.
Inscrutable Evils: Still Numerous, Still Relevant.Robert Bass - 2014 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 75 (4):379–384.
Many Irrelevant Evils: A Response to the Bayesian Problem of Evil.Jamie Carlin Watson - 2014 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 75 (4):365-378.

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