In recent decades, attempts to create and argue a new ontology of existence that could provide a robust alternative to the mainstream physicalist metaphysics have been made in science and philosophy. A new book by Bernardo Kastrup, a well-known specialist in the field of philosophy of mind and neuroscience of consciousness, offers the author's conceptually clear and rigorous formulation of the philosophical system. The author proves that appearance and reality in ontology are fundamentally experiential. A universal phenomenal consciousness is the sole ontological primitive, which patterns of excitation constitute existence, and a human being is dissociated mental complexes of this universal consciousness, surrounded like islands by the ocean of its mentation. Kastrup’s idea of the World has an idealist ontological underpinning. The author contrasts his vision of the world with the existing ideas of the world perception, such as physicalism, microexperientialism and cosmopsychism. The quality of the argument, which is given in the book, suggests the revival of the philosophy of idealism as the next paradigm, according to which a form of universal mind will be viewed as nature's sole fundamental entity.
Keywords man  ontology  philosophy of idealism  philosophy of mind  reality  universal phenomenal consciousness  людина  онтология  онтологія  реальность  реальність  универсальное феноменальное сознание  універсальна феноменальна свідомість  философия идеализма  философия разума  філософія розуму  філософія ідеалізму  человек
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Reprint years 2019
DOI 10.15802/ampr.v0i14.151745
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References found in this work BETA

Making Sense of the Mental Universe.Bernardo Kastrup - 2017 - Philosophy and Cosmology 19 (1):33-49.
The Next Paradigm.Bernardo Kastrup - 2018 - Future Human Image 9:41-51.
Plato's Doctrine of Truth.Martin Heidegger & Thomas Sheehan - 1998 - In Pathmarks. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. pp. 155-182.

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