Vivarium 53 (2-4):142-169 (2015)

Allan Bäck
Kutztown University of Pennsylvania
_ Source: _Volume 53, Issue 2-4, pp 142 - 169 I offer an explanation of why the fallacy of “accident” is so called. By ‘accident’ here, Aristotle does not mean accidental predication but being _per accidens_. Understood in this way, the fallacy of accident can be analyzed in terms of the rules that Aristotle gives for being _per accidens_. The fallacy of accident lost the original justification for its name in the late Greek period. It became associated with accidental predication and not with being _per accidens_. The fallacy was then solved by construing it syllogistically so that the paralogisms became invalid through not having a universal major premise. This medieval analysis became the dominant approach in the medieval period but has led to confusion over the fallacy of accident in millennia of logic books. I end by considering how to formulate the fallacy of accident more fruitfully in modern terms via Aristotle’s original approach
Keywords Aristotle   being per accidens   fallacy of accident   predication
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DOI 10.1163/15685349-12341295
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References found in this work BETA

Fallacies and the Evaluation of Reasoning.Maurice A. Finocchiaro - 1981 - American Philosophical Quarterly 18 (1):13 - 22.
Accidental Unities.Gareth B. Matthews - 1982 - In M. Schofield & M. C. Nussbaum (eds.), Language and Logos. Cambridge University Press. pp. 223--240.
Truth, Etc. [REVIEW]Jonathan Barnes - 2008 - Review of Metaphysics 61 (4):830-833.
Aristotle on Sameness and Oneness.Nicholas P. White - 1971 - Philosophical Review 80 (2):177-197.
Philoponus on the Fallacy of Accident.Allan Bäck - 1987 - Ancient Philosophy 7:131-146.

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To Be in a Subject and Accident.José Miguel Gambra - 2015 - Vivarium 53 (2-4):170-193.
Aristotelian Accidents.Theodor Ebert - 1998 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 16:133-159.
Philoponus on the Fallacy of Accident.Allan Bäck - 1987 - Ancient Philosophy 7:131-146.
Accident and Chance.D. W. Theobald - 1970 - Philosophy 45 (172):106 - 113.


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