Internal and external standards for medical morality

Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 26 (6):601 – 619 (2001)
Abstract
What grounds and justifies conclusions in medical ethics? Is the source external or internal to medicine? Thee influential types of answer have appeared in recent literature: an internal account, an external account, and a mixed internal / external account. The first defends an ethic derived from either the ends of medicine or professional practice standards. The second maintains that precepts in medical ethics rely upon and require justification by external standards such as those of public opinion, law, religious ethics, or philosophical ethics. The third claims that distinct medical ethics have emerged from distinct cultural frameworks, each with norms that govern physicians. There is merit in each perspective, but each overreaches its supporting arguments and fails to appreciate what is legitimate in the theses of its competitors. I propose a fourth account that offers a way to escape limitations of the other three, while retaining their most attractive features
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DOI 10.1076/jmep.26.6.601.2995
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Empirical Ethics, Context-Sensitivity, and Contextualism.Albert W. Musschenga - 2005 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 30 (5):467 – 490.
Reframing the Disease Debate and Defending the Biostatistical Theory.Peter H. Schwartz - 2014 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 39 (6):572-589.
Allhoff on Business Bluffing.Jukka Varelius - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 65 (2):163-171.
Was ist empirische Ethik?Bert Aw Musschenga - 2009 - Ethik in der Medizin 21 (3):187-199.

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