The rejection of the identity thesis
In The Mind-Body Problem: A Guide to the Current Debate. Cambridge: Blackwell (1994)
In this paper, the arguments against the mind-body identity thesis from the author’s  paper, “Mental Properties,” are presented but in significantly more detail. It is shown that, because of scientific essentialism, two currently popular arguments against the identity thesis -- the multiple-realizability argument and the Nagel-Jackson knowledge argument -- are unsatisfactory as they stand and that their problems are incurable. It is then shown that a refutation of the identity thesis in its full generality can be achieved by weaving together two traditional Cartesian arguments -- the modal argument and the certainty argument. This argument establishes, not just the falsity of the identity thesis, but also the metaphysical possibility of disembodiment. The paper ends with a discussion of the nature of the relation between the mind and the body.
|Keywords||Essentialism Identity Mental Property Mind-body Descartes Twin Earth|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
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